Xanax is a prescription drug that helps reduce restlessness and treat anxiety and panic disorders. Sold under the generic name alprazolam, it belongs to the family of benzodiazepines. It works by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an amino acid and a neurotransmitter which suppresses nerve activity in the brain. By acting on the central nervous system, it helps lower the anxiety level and relax the muscles.
Individuals using Xanax may experience symptoms like slurred speech and trouble with cognitive skills. Some of the side effects of Xanax use are:
- Memory problems
Even when used as prescribed, individuals using Xanax can get addicted to it without even realizing it. Long-term use can cause serious side effects, including aggression, psychotic experiences, cognitive deficits and impulsive behavior.
Xanax Abuse, Symptoms and Effects
Long-term use of Xanax can lead to its abuse which can further fuel dependence and addiction. Some of the signs and symptoms of Xanax abuse are:
- Difficulty concentrating
Xanax, when taken in combination with other addictive substances like alcohol, can lead to overdose due to its addictive nature. An overdose of Xanax and antidepressants increases the chance of severe toxicity that can also turn fatal. Some of the symptoms of benzodiazepine overdose include:
- Respiratory depression
- Blurred speech
In addition to physical symptoms, Xanax abuse can cause mental and social symptoms, such as tiredness and lethargy, strained relations and financial problems. Long-term use of the drug can also increase the tolerance level, leading to dependency. In such a situation, a person might need larger amount of the substance to yield the desired effect.
When consumed in higher doses, Xanax may cause insomnia and seizures. An abrupt discontinuation of Xanax may cause painful withdrawal symptoms. Thus, it is important to gradually reduce its dose under medical supervision in a certified Xanax addiction treatment center.
Treatment for Xanax Addiction
Xanax addiction treatment involves a holistic combination of medically supervised detoxification and behavioral therapies, such as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), individual, group and family therapies. As sudden quitting of Xanax can cause severe withdrawal symptoms, experts recommend treatment in a Xanax addiction rehab center. Initial stage of withdrawal symptoms can cause a sense of anxiety along with tremors and headache.
During treatment at the Xanax drug rehab centers, medical health professionals help patients gradually reduce their drug dependence by taking them through a medically supervised detoxification.
Inpatient Treatment Program: Treatment for Xanax abuse and addiction in an inpatient treatment facility is considered the best for severe cases as it provides a stable and temptation-free environment. In addition, as treatment in an inpatient facility involves round-the-clock care, a patient receives treatment under the supervision of trained medical staff. Along with routine treatment, a person in an inpatient center receives medically supervised detoxification The nature of the treatment for addiction patients depends on the dose, duration and frequency of drug use. Due to the addictive nature of Xanax, an individual might experience severe withdrawal symptoms during detoxification that can be managed with medications.
Outpatient Treatment Program: Xanax addiction treatment can also be obtained at an outpatient facility that allows individuals to stay at their homes during the entire recovery process with routine visits to the outpatient facility. Similar to an inpatient center, treatment at an outpatient facility involves behavior therapy or counseling sessions. Therapy or counseling sessions help address the underlying causes of drug addiction and might even help find any existing underlying mental ailments that might be responsible for Xanax addiction.