Amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system to speed up the communication between the brain and the body. These stimulants increase the dopamine reward system in the brain to produce euphoric effects. A Scheduled II controlled substance, amphetamines can be swallowed, snorted or injected intravenously. Used since the early 20th century, amphetamines have a high rate of abuse due to their ability to produce euphoria and enhance performance.
Amphetamines abuse, symptoms and effects
Amphetamines help treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), asthma and narcolepsy. The drug is often abused by teenagers and young adults as it helps the user maintain focus, increase attention and self-confidence and suppress appetite. When abused, amphetamines can be dangerous and addictive.
Short-term effects of using the drug are headaches, nausea, vomiting, dilated pupils, etc. Its chronic use can cause severe physical and psychological symptoms. Following are some of the physical symptoms of amphetamine use and abuse:
- Drug craving
- Reduced appetite
- Dilated pupils
- Increased risk of seizures
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased respiration
Following are some of the psychological symptoms of amphetamine abuse:
- Relationship problems
- Inability to fulfill daily obligations
- Legal problems
In addition to this, long-term amphetamine use can lead to dependence, tolerance and addiction. An individual may become dependent on the drug in spite of using it as prescribed. The user can also develop dependence if he or she is taking the drug in ways other what has been prescribed. In addition, increased use of amphetamines can lead to drug tolerance when the user would require more of the substance to achieve the same effect. Amphetamine addiction is characterized by the inability to cut down or discontinue the drug even after knowing its negative effects on a person’s health.
When used for a longer duration, amphetamine use can pose various problems. Some of the effects of amphetamine abuse are:
Similar to other stimulants, when stopped abruptly, amphetamine users can experience uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. Some of the symptoms are:
- Memory loss
- Decision-making problems
- Concentration problems
- Increased appetite
- Extreme restlessness
Amphetamines withdrawal treatment should be done in a clinical setting in an amphetamines addiction rehab center under the supervision of experts.
Treatment for amphetamines addiction
Considering the extremely uncomfortable psychological and physical symptoms of amphetamines withdrawal, it is advisable to seek the addiction treatment in a certified amphetamines addiction treatment center.
The first and the most important step of treatment is detoxification which helps flush out the drug from the system and prepare the user for further treatment. The treatment is available at both an inpatient and an outpatient treatment center. Considering the severe withdrawal symptoms and increased chances of relapse, it is advisable to seek treatment in an inpatient treatment center that provides round-the-clock care.
Specialists at amphetamines drug rehab centers can determine the effect of the stimulant on an individual and suggest the right process of detox and psychotherapies. After detoxification, psychotherapies and counseling sessions are recommended to address the psychological effects of amphetamines. These sessions also help the user deal with addictive behaviors and thought processes in order to overcome any probability of a relapse. On the completion of the treatment, individuals with severe addiction problems are also provided with a recovery management plan that helps in smooth transitioning from a controlled facility to the real world.